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Main Author

In review

  • Epskamp, S., Brief Report on Estimating Regularized Gaussian Networks from Continuous and Ordinal Data. (pre-print archive link)

Accepted / in press

  • Epskamp, S., van Borkulo, C. D., van der Veen, D. C., Servaas, M. N., Isvoranu, A. M., Riese, H., Angelique O.J. Cramer. (Accepted pending revision). Clinical Psychological Science. Personalized Network Modeling in Psychopathology: The Importance of Contemporaneous and Temporal Connections. (pre-print archive linkonline materials link)
  • Epskamp, S. & Fried, Eiko I. (in press). A Tutorial on Regularized Partial Correlation Networks. Psychological Methods (pre-print archive linksupplementary materials).
  • Epskamp, S., Waldorp, L. J., Mõttus, R., & Borsboom, D. (accepted pending revision). Discovering Psychological Dynamics: The Gaussian Graphical Model in Cross-sectional and Time-series Data. Multivariate Behavioral Research (pre-print archive link).
  • Epskamp, S., Maris, G., Waldorp, L. J., & Borsboom, D. (in press). Network Psychometrics. To appear in: Irwing, P., Hughes, D., & Booth, T. (Eds.), Handbook of Psychometrics. New York: Wiley. (pre-print archive link)


  • Epskamp, S., Kruis, J., & Marsman, M. (2017). Estimating psychopathological networks: be careful what you wish for. PlosOne  12(6): e0179891.  (link)
  • Epskamp, S., Rhemtulla, M.T., & Borsboom, D. Generalized Network Psychometrics: Combining Network and Latent Variable Models (2017). Psychometrika. doi:10.1007/s11336-017-9557-x (linkpre-print archive linksupplementary codes)
  • Epskamp, S., Borsboom, D. & Fried, E.I. Estimating Psychological Networks and their Accuracy: A Tutorial Paper. (2017). Behavior Research Methods. doi:10.3758/s13428-017-0862-1 (linkpre-print archive linksupplementary materials)
  • Epskamp, S. (2015). semPlot: Unified visualizations of Structural Equation Models. Structural Equation Modeling. Structural Equation Modeling 22 (3): 474-483. (link)
  • Costantini, G., Epskamp, S. (shared main authorship), Borsboom, D., Perugini, M., Mõttus, R., Waldorp, L. J., & Cramer, A. O. (2014). State of the aRt personality research: A tutorial on network analysis of personality data in R. Journal of Research in Personality. (link)
  • Epskamp, S., Cramer, A.O.J., Waldorp, L.J., Schmittmann, V.D. and Borsboom, D. (2012) qgraph: Network Visualizations of Relationships in Psychometric Data. Journal of Statistical Software, 48(4), 1-18. (link)



  • Van Bork, R., Epskamp, S., Rhemtulla, M., Borsboom, D. & Van der Maas, H.L.J. What is P? Some Risks of General Factor Modeling. (Submitted to Theory and Psychology)


  • Golino, H. F. & Epskamp, S. (2017). Exploratory graph analysis: a new approach for estimating the number of dimensions in psychological research. PlosOne 12(6): e0174035.  (link)
  • Tio, P., Epskamp, S., Noordhof, A., and Borsboom, D. (2016). Mapping the manuals of madness: Comparing the ICD-10 and DSM-IV-TR using a network approach. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research. (link).
  • Wichers, M., Groot, P.C., Psychosystems, ESM Group, EWS Group (2016). Critical slowing down as a personalized early warning signal for depression. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 85, 114-116.
  • Fried, E. I., van Borkulo, C. D., Epskamp, S., Schoevers, R. A., Tuerlinckx, F., & Borsboom, D. (2016). Measuring Depression over Time … or not? Lack of Unidimensionality and Longitudinal Measurement Invariance in Four Common Rating Scales of Depression. Psychological AssessmentAdvance Online Publication. (link)
  • Open Science Collaboration. (2015). Estimating the reproducibility of psychological science. Science, 349 (6251). (link)
  • Fried, E. I., Epskamp, S., Nesse, R.M., Tuerlinckx, F., & Borsboom, D. (in press) What are ‘good’ depression symptoms? Comparing the centrality of DSM and non-DSM symptoms of depression in a network analysis. Journal of Affective Disorders.
  • Kossakowski, J. J., Epskamp, S., Kieffer, J. M., van Borkulo, C. D., Rhemtulla, M., & Borsboom, D. (in press). The application of a network approach to health-related quality of life (HRQoL): Introducing a new method for assessing hrqol in healthy adults and cancer patient. Quality of Life Research. (DOI: 10.1007/s11136-015-1127-z)
  • Langley, D. J., Wijn, R., Epskamp, S., & Van Bork, R. (2015). Should I Get That Jab? ECIS 2015 Research-in-Progress Papers. Paper 64. (link)
  • Wigman, J. T. W., Van Os, J., Borsboom, D., Wardenaar, K. J., Epskamp, S., Klippel, A, MERGE, Viechtbauer, W., Myin-Germeys, I., & Wichers, M. (2015). Exploring the underlying structure of mental disorders: cross-diagnostic differences and similarities from a network perspective using both a top-down and a bottom-up approach. Psychological Medicine. (link)
  • Fried, E. I., Bockting, C., Arjadi, R., Borsboom, D., Amshoff, M., Cramer, A. O. J., Epskamp, S., Tuerlinckx, F., Carr, D., & Stroebe, M. (in press). From loss to loneliness: The relationship between depressive symptoms and bereavement. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 124: 256-65. (link)
  • van Borkulo, C. D., Borsboom, D., Epskamp, S., Blanken, T. F., Boschloo, L., Schoevers, R. A., & Waldorp, L. J. (2014). A new method for constructing networks from binary data. Scientific Reports4, 5918. (link)
  • Borsboom, D., Cramer, A.O.J., Schmittmann, V.D., Epskamp, S. and Waldorp L.J. (2011) The Small World of Psychopathology. PLoS ONE 6(11): e27407.doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0027407 (link)
  • Borsboom, D., Epskamp, S., Kievit, R.A., Cramer, A.O.J., and Schmittmann,V.D. (2011). Transdiagnostic networks. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 6(6), 610-614. (link)
  • Schmittmann, V.D., Cramer, A.O.J., Waldorp, L.J., Epskamp, S., Kievit, R.A. and Borsboom, D. (2011). Deconstructing the construct: Anetwork perspective on psychological phenomena. New Ideas in Psychology. (link)

See also the Psychosystems website


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