Google Scholar profile


  • Network-based adaptive assessment. VENI grant 2018 (awarded)


Main Author


  • Abacioglu, C. S., Isvoranu, A. M., Verkuyten, M., Thijs, J. & Epskamp, S. (submitted). Exploring teachers’ influence on student motivation in multicultural classrooms: A comparative network analysis. (pre-print archive link)

Unpublished reports

  • Epskamp, S. Preliminary simulations on the interpretation of cross-sectional Gaussian graphical models. (pre-print archive link)
  • Epskamp, S. Brief Report on Estimating Regularized Gaussian Networks from Continuous and Ordinal Data. (pre-print archive link)

Accepted / in press

  • Epskamp, S., Fried, E. I., van Borkulo, C. D., Robinaugh, D. J.,  Marsman, M., Dalege, J., Rhemtulla, M., & Cramer, A. O. J. (in press) The Right Answer to the Wrong Question: Utility of Fixed-margin Sampling in Network Psychometrics. (pre-print archive link)


  • Epskamp, S., Maris, G., Waldorp, L. J., & Borsboom, D. (2018). Network Psychometrics. To appear in: Irwing, P., Hughes, D., & Booth, T. (Eds.), The Wiley Handbook of Psychometric Testing, 2 Volume Set: A Multidisciplinary Reference on Survey, Scale and Test Development. New York: Wiley. (Amazon linkpre-print archive link)
  • Epskamp, S., Waldorp, L. J., Mõttus, R., & Borsboom, D. (2018). The Gaussian Graphical Model in Cross-sectional and Time-series Data. Multivariate Behavioral Research (linkpre-print archive link).
  • Epskamp, S. & Fried, Eiko I. (2018). A Tutorial on Regularized Partial Correlation Networks. Psychological Methods (linkpre-print archive linksupplementary materials).
  • Epskamp, S., van Borkulo, C. D., van der Veen, D. C., Servaas, M. N., Isvoranu, A. M., Riese, H. & Angelique O.J. Cramer. (2018). Personalized Network Modeling in Psychopathology: The Importance of Contemporaneous and Temporal Connections. Clinical Psychological Science 6(3), 416-427 (linkpre-print archive linkonline materials link)
  • Epskamp, S., Kruis, J., & Marsman, M. (2017). Estimating psychopathological networks: be careful what you wish for. PlosOne  12(6): e0179891.  (link)
  • Epskamp, S., Rhemtulla, M.T., & Borsboom, D. Generalized Network Psychometrics: Combining Network and Latent Variable Models (2017). Psychometrika. doi:10.1007/s11336-017-9557-x (linkpre-print archive linksupplementary codes)
  • Epskamp, S., Borsboom, D. & Fried, E.I. Estimating Psychological Networks and their Accuracy: A Tutorial Paper. (2017). Behavior Research Methods. doi:10.3758/s13428-017-0862-1 (linkpre-print archive linksupplementary materials)
  • Epskamp, S. (2015). semPlot: Unified visualizations of Structural Equation Models. Structural Equation Modeling. Structural Equation Modeling 22 (3): 474-483. (link)
  • Costantini, G., Epskamp, S. (shared main authorship), Borsboom, D., Perugini, M., Mõttus, R., Waldorp, L. J., & Cramer, A. O. (2014). State of the aRt personality research: A tutorial on network analysis of personality data in R. Journal of Research in Personality. (link)
  • Epskamp, S., Cramer, A.O.J., Waldorp, L.J., Schmittmann, V.D. and Borsboom, D. (2012) qgraph: Network Visualizations of Relationships in Psychometric Data. Journal of Statistical Software, 48(4), 1-18. (link)



  • Van Bork, R., Epskamp, S., Rhemtulla, M., Borsboom, D. & Van der Maas, H.L.J. What is P? Some Risks of General Factor Modeling. Theory and Psychology 27 (6), 759-773. (link)
  • Golino, H. F. & Epskamp, S. (2017). Exploratory graph analysis: a new approach for estimating the number of dimensions in psychological research. PlosOne 12(6): e0174035.  (link)
  • Tio, P., Epskamp, S., Noordhof, A., and Borsboom, D. (2016). Mapping the manuals of madness: Comparing the ICD-10 and DSM-IV-TR using a network approach. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research. (link).
  • Wichers, M., Groot, P.C., Psychosystems, ESM Group, EWS Group (2016). Critical slowing down as a personalized early warning signal for depression. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 85, 114-116.
  • Fried, E. I., van Borkulo, C. D., Epskamp, S., Schoevers, R. A., Tuerlinckx, F., & Borsboom, D. (2016). Measuring Depression over Time … or not? Lack of Unidimensionality and Longitudinal Measurement Invariance in Four Common Rating Scales of Depression. Psychological AssessmentAdvance Online Publication. (link)
  • Open Science Collaboration. (2015). Estimating the reproducibility of psychological science. Science, 349 (6251). (link)
  • Fried, E. I., Epskamp, S., Nesse, R.M., Tuerlinckx, F., & Borsboom, D. (in press) What are ‘good’ depression symptoms? Comparing the centrality of DSM and non-DSM symptoms of depression in a network analysis. Journal of Affective Disorders.
  • Kossakowski, J. J., Epskamp, S., Kieffer, J. M., van Borkulo, C. D., Rhemtulla, M., & Borsboom, D. (in press). The application of a network approach to health-related quality of life (HRQoL): Introducing a new method for assessing hrqol in healthy adults and cancer patient. Quality of Life Research. (DOI: 10.1007/s11136-015-1127-z)
  • Langley, D. J., Wijn, R., Epskamp, S., & Van Bork, R. (2015). Should I Get That Jab? ECIS 2015 Research-in-Progress Papers. Paper 64. (link)
  • Wigman, J. T. W., Van Os, J., Borsboom, D., Wardenaar, K. J., Epskamp, S., Klippel, A, MERGE, Viechtbauer, W., Myin-Germeys, I., & Wichers, M. (2015). Exploring the underlying structure of mental disorders: cross-diagnostic differences and similarities from a network perspective using both a top-down and a bottom-up approach. Psychological Medicine. (link)
  • Fried, E. I., Bockting, C., Arjadi, R., Borsboom, D., Amshoff, M., Cramer, A. O. J., Epskamp, S., Tuerlinckx, F., Carr, D., & Stroebe, M. (in press). From loss to loneliness: The relationship between depressive symptoms and bereavement. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 124: 256-65. (link)
  • van Borkulo, C. D., Borsboom, D., Epskamp, S., Blanken, T. F., Boschloo, L., Schoevers, R. A., & Waldorp, L. J. (2014). A new method for constructing networks from binary data. Scientific Reports4, 5918. (link)
  • Borsboom, D., Cramer, A.O.J., Schmittmann, V.D., Epskamp, S. and Waldorp L.J. (2011) The Small World of Psychopathology. PLoS ONE 6(11): e27407.doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0027407 (link)
  • Borsboom, D., Epskamp, S., Kievit, R.A., Cramer, A.O.J., and Schmittmann,V.D. (2011). Transdiagnostic networks. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 6(6), 610-614. (link)
  • Schmittmann, V.D., Cramer, A.O.J., Waldorp, L.J., Epskamp, S., Kievit, R.A. and Borsboom, D. (2011). Deconstructing the construct: Anetwork perspective on psychological phenomena. New Ideas in Psychology. (link)

See also the Psychosystems website


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