Google Scholar profile



Note: for open-access versions see the pre-print version of many of the publications below.


  • Deserno, M.K., Sachisthal, M.S.M., Epskamp, S., & Raijmakers, M.E.J. A magnifying glass for the study of coupled developmental changes: Combining Psychological Networks and Latent Growth Models. (pre-print)
  • Isvoranu, A.M., & Epskamp, S. Continuous and Ordered Categorical Data in Network Psychometrics: Which Estimation Method to Choose? Deriving Guidelines for Applied Researchers. (pre-print)
  • Burger, J., Isvoranu, A.M., Haslbeck, J.M.B., Epskamp, S., Hoekstra, R.H.A., Fried, E.I., Borsboom, D., & Blanken, T.F.  Reporting Standards for Psychological Network Analysis in Cross-sectional Data. (pre-print)
  • Van den Ende, M., Epskamp, S., Van der Maas, H.L.J., Lees, M., & Sloot, P. A review of Mathematical Modeling of Addiction Regarding both (neuro-)Psychological Processes and the Social Contagion Perspectives. (pre-print)
  • Mansueto, A.C., Wiers, R.W., van Weert, J.C.M., Schouten, B.C., & Epskamp, S. Investigating the Feasibility of Idiographic Network Models. (pre-print)
  • Epskamp, S. Isvoranu, A-M. & Cheung, W.-L. Meta-analytic Gaussian Network Aggregation. (pre-print)
  • Isvoranu, A-M., Epskamp, S., & Cheung, M. Network Models of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder: A Meta-analysis. (pre-print)
  • Liu, D., Epskamp, S., Isvoranu, A-M., Chen, C., Liu, W. Network Analysis of Physical and Psychiatric Symptoms of Hospital Discharged Patients Infected with COVID-19. (pre-print)
  • Fried, E., Papanikolaou, F., & Epskamp, S. Mental Health and Social Contact During the COVID-19 Pandemic: An Ecological Momentary Assessment Study. (pre-print).

Main / Senior author


  • Epskamp, S. Psychometric network models from time-series and panel data. (2020) Psychometrika. (pre-printjournal)
  • Epskamp, S., Maris, G., Waldorp, L. J., & Borsboom, D. (2018). Network Psychometrics. In: Irwing, P., Hughes, D., & Booth, T. (Eds.), The Wiley Handbook of Psychometric Testing, 2 Volume Set: A Multidisciplinary Reference on Survey, Scale and Test Development. New York: Wiley. (pre-printAmazon link)
  • Epskamp, S., Rhemtulla, M.T., & Borsboom, D. Generalized Network Psychometrics: Combining Network and Latent Variable Models (2017). Psychometrika 82(4), 904-927. (linkpre-print archive linksupplementary codes)
  • Epskamp, S. (2015). semPlot: Unified visualizations of Structural Equation Models. Structural Equation Modeling. Structural Equation Modeling 22 (3): 474-483. (link)
  • Epskamp, S., Cramer, A.O.J., Waldorp, L.J., Schmittmann, V.D. and Borsboom, D. (2012) qgraph: Network Visualizations of Relationships in Psychometric Data. Journal of Statistical Software, 48(4), 1-18. (link)


  • De Ron, J., Fried, E.I. & Epskamp, S. (2019). Psychological networks in clinical populations: investigating the consequences of Berkson’s bias. Psychological Medicine. (link)
  • Epskamp, S., Waldorp, L. J., Mõttus, R., & Borsboom, D. (2018). The Gaussian Graphical Model in Cross-sectional and Time-series Data. Multivariate Behavioral Research 53(4), 453-480. (pre-printjournal)
  • Epskamp, S. & Fried, Eiko I. (2018). A Tutorial on Regularized Partial Correlation Networks. Psychological Methods (journalpre-printsupplementary materials)
  • Epskamp, S., van Borkulo, C. D., van der Veen, D. C., Servaas, M. N., Isvoranu, A. M., Riese, H. & Angelique O.J. Cramer. (2018). Personalized Network Modeling in Psychopathology: The Importance of Contemporaneous and Temporal Connections. Clinical Psychological Science 6(3), 416-427 (journalpre-printonline materials link)
  • Epskamp, S., Borsboom, D. & Fried, E.I. Estimating Psychological Networks and their Accuracy: A Tutorial Paper. (2017). Behavior Research Methods. doi:10.3758/s13428-017-0862-1 (journalpre-printsupplementary materials)

Computational / theoretical

  • Burger, J., Van der Veen, D.C., Robinaugh, D., Quax, R., Riese, H., Schoevers, R.A. & Epskamp, S. (2020). Bridging the Gap Between Complexity Science and Clinical Practice by Formalizing Idiographic Theories: A Computational Model of Functional Analysis. BMC Medicine. (linkpre-print)


  • Abacioglu, C. S., Isvoranu, A. M., Verkuyten, M., Thijs, J. & Epskamp, S. (2019). Exploring teachers’ influence on student motivation in multicultural classrooms: A comparative network analysis. Journal of School Psychology 74, 90-105. (pre-printjournal)
  • Costantini, G., Epskamp, S. (shared main authorship), Borsboom, D., Perugini, M., Mõttus, R., Waldorp, L. J., & Cramer, A. O. (2014). State of the aRt personality research: A tutorial on network analysis of personality data in R. Journal of Research in Personality. (link)

Commentary / Opinion

  • Kan, K-J., de Jonge, H., van der Maas, H.L.J., Levine, S.Z., & Epskamp, S. (2020). How to Compare Psychometric Factor and Network Models. Journal of Intelligence 8(4), 35. (link)
  • Fried, E.I., Van Borkulo, C.D. & Epskamp, S. (2020). On the Importance of Estimating Parameter Uncertainty in Network Psychometrics: A Response to Forbes et al. (2019). Multivariate Behavioral Research. (link)
  • Epskamp, S. (2019) Reproducibility and Replicability in a Fast-paced Methodological World.  Advances In Methods and Practices in Psychological Science (journalpre-print)
  • Epskamp, S., Kruis, J., & Marsman, M. (2017). Estimating psychopathological networks: be careful what you wish for. PlosOne  12(6): e0179891.  (link)
  • Epskamp, S., Fried, E. I., van Borkulo, C. D., Robinaugh, D. J.,  Marsman, M., Dalege, J., Rhemtulla, M., & Cramer, A. O. J. (2018) The Right Answer to the Wrong Question: Utility of Fixed-margin Sampling in Network Psychometrics. (pre-printjournal)


  • Haslbeck, J., Epskamp, S., Marsman, M. & Waldorp, L. (2020). Interpreting the Ising Model: The Input Matters. Multivariate Behavioral Research. (journal; pre-print)
  • Isvoranu, A. M., Guloksuz, S., Epskamp, S., van Os, J., Borsboom, D., GROUP (2019). Towards Incorporating Genetic Risk Scores into Symptom Networks of Psychosis. Psychological Medicine. (link) 
  • Dablander, F., Epskamp, S. & Haslbeck, J.M.B. (2019). Studying statistics anxiety requires sound statistics: A comment on Siew, McCartney, and Vitevitch (2019). Scholarship of Teaching and Learning in Psychology, 5(4), 319–323. (pre-print)
  • Bringmann, L.F., Elmer, T., Epskamp, S., Krause, R.W., Schoch, D., Wichers, M., Wigman, J.T.W. & Snippe, E. (2019). What do centrality measures measure in psychological networks? Journal of Abnormal Psychology 128(8) 892-903. (link)
  • Oreel, T.H., Borsboom, D., Epskamp, S., Hartog, I.D., Netjes, J.E., Niewekerk, P.T., Henriques, J.P.S., Scherer-Rath, M., Van Laarhoven, H.W.M. & Sprangers, M.A.G. (2019). The dynamics in health-related quality of life of patients with stable coronary artery disease were revealed: a network analysis. Journal of clinical epidemiology 107, 116-123. (link)
  • Costantini, G., Richetin, J., Emanuele, P., Casini, E., Epskamp, S. & Perugini, M. (2019). Stability and variability of personality networks. A tutorial on recent developments in network psychometrics. Personality and Individual Differences 136, 68-78. (link)
  • Fonsesca-Pedrero, E. et al. (2018) The network structure of schizotypal personality traits. Schizophrenia Bulletin 44 (S2), S468-S479. (link)
  • Greene, T., Gelkopf, M., Epskamp, S. and Fried, E. (2018). Dynamic networks of PTSD symptoms during conflict. Psychological Medicine 48(14), 2409-2417. (link)
  • Borsboom, D., Fried, E. I., Epskamp, S., Waldorp, L. J., van Borkulo, C. D., van der Maas, H. L. J., and Cramer, A. (2017). False alarm? A comprehensive reanalysis of “Evidence that psychopathology symptom networks have limited replicability” by Forbes, Wright, Markon, and Krueger. Journal of Abnormal Psychology 126(7), 989-999. (pre-print)
  • Wagenmakers, E. J., Marsman, M., Jamil, T., Ly, A., Verhagen, J., Love, J., Selker, R., Gronau, Q. F., Smira, M., Epskamp, S., Matzke, D., Rouder, J. N. and Morey, R. D. (2017). Bayesian inference for psychology. Part I: Theoretical advantages and practical ramifications. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review 25, 35-57. (link)
  • Wagenmakers, E. J., Love, J., Marsman, M., Jamil, T., Ly, A., Verhagen, J., Selker, R., Gronau, Q. F., Dropmann, D., Boutin, B., Meerhoff, F., Knight, P., Raj, A., Van Kesteren, E-J., Van Doorn, J., Smira, M., Epskamp, S., Etz, A., Matzke, D., De Jong, T., Van den Bergh, D., Sarafoglou, A., Steingrover, H., Derks, K., Rouder, J. N. and Morey, R. D. (2017). Bayesian inference for psychology. Part II: example applications with JASP. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review 25, 58-76. (link)
  • Mõttus, R., Epskamp, S., Francis, A. (2017). Within- and between individual variability of personality characteristics and physical exercise. Journal of Research in Personality, 69. 139-148. (link)
  • Van Bork, R., Epskamp, S., Rhemtulla, M., Borsboom, D. & Van der Maas, H.L.J. (2017) What is the p-factor of psychopathology? Some Risks of General Factor Modeling. Theory and Psychology 27 (6), 759-773. (link)
  • Golino, H. F. & Epskamp, S. (2017). Exploratory graph analysis: a new approach for estimating the number of dimensions in psychological research. PlosOne 12(6): e0174035.  (link)
  • Tio, P., Epskamp, S., Noordhof, A., and Borsboom, D. (2016). Mapping the manuals of madness: Comparing the ICD-10 and DSM-IV-TR using a network approach. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research. (link).
  • Wichers, M., Groot, P.C., Psychosystems, ESM Group, EWS Group (2016). Critical slowing down as a personalized early warning signal for depression. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 85, 114-116.
  • Fried, E. I., van Borkulo, C. D., Epskamp, S., Schoevers, R. A., Tuerlinckx, F., & Borsboom, D. (2016). Measuring Depression over Time … or not? Lack of Unidimensionality and Longitudinal Measurement Invariance in Four Common Rating Scales of Depression. Psychological AssessmentAdvance Online Publication. (link)
  • Nuijten, M.B., Hartgerink, C. H. J., van Assen, M. A. L. M., Epskamp, S., and Wicherts, J. M. (2015). The prevalence of statistical reporting errors in psychology (1985-2013). Behavior Research Methods 48(4), 1205-1226..(link)
  • Open Science Collaboration. (2015). Estimating the reproducibility of psychological science. Science, 349 (6251). (link)
  • Fried, E. I., Epskamp, S., Nesse, R.M., Tuerlinckx, F., & Borsboom, D. (in press) What are ‘good’ depression symptoms? Comparing the centrality of DSM and non-DSM symptoms of depression in a network analysis. Journal of Affective Disorders.
  • Kossakowski, J. J., Epskamp, S., Kieffer, J. M., van Borkulo, C. D., Rhemtulla, M., & Borsboom, D. (in press). The application of a network approach to health-related quality of life (HRQoL): Introducing a new method for assessing hrqol in healthy adults and cancer patient. Quality of Life Research. (DOI: 10.1007/s11136-015-1127-z)
  • Langley, D. J., Wijn, R., Epskamp, S., & Van Bork, R. (2015). Should I Get That Jab? ECIS 2015 Research-in-Progress Papers. Paper 64. (link)
  • Wigman, J. T. W., Van Os, J., Borsboom, D., Wardenaar, K. J., Epskamp, S., Klippel, A, MERGE, Viechtbauer, W., Myin-Germeys, I., & Wichers, M. (2015). Exploring the underlying structure of mental disorders: cross-diagnostic differences and similarities from a network perspective using both a top-down and a bottom-up approach. Psychological Medicine. (link)
  • Fried, E. I., Bockting, C., Arjadi, R., Borsboom, D., Amshoff, M., Cramer, A. O. J., Epskamp, S., Tuerlinckx, F., Carr, D., & Stroebe, M. (in press). From loss to loneliness: The relationship between depressive symptoms and bereavement. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 124: 256-65. (link)
  • van Borkulo, C. D., Borsboom, D., Epskamp, S., Blanken, T. F., Boschloo, L., Schoevers, R. A., & Waldorp, L. J. (2014). A new method for constructing networks from binary data. Scientific Reports4, 5918. (link)
  • Borsboom, D., Cramer, A.O.J., Schmittmann, V.D., Epskamp, S. and Waldorp L.J. (2011) The Small World of Psychopathology. PLoS ONE 6(11): e27407.doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0027407 (link)
  • Borsboom, D., Epskamp, S., Kievit, R.A., Cramer, A.O.J., and Schmittmann,V.D. (2011). Transdiagnostic networks. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 6(6), 610-614. (link)
  • Schmittmann, V.D., Cramer, A.O.J., Waldorp, L.J., Epskamp, S., Kievit, R.A. and Borsboom, D. (2011). Deconstructing the construct: Anetwork perspective on psychological phenomena. New Ideas in Psychology. (link)

Unpublished reports

  • Epskamp, S. Preliminary simulations on the interpretation of cross-sectional Gaussian graphical models. (link)
  • Epskamp, S. Brief Report on Estimating Regularized Gaussian Networks from Continuous and Ordinal Data. (link)


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