qgraph.lavaan {qgraph}R Documentation

qgraph: Structural Equation Modelling

Description

This functions uses a "lavaan" object from the lavaan package (Rosseel, 2011) and outputs a multi-page pdf file containing path diagram, graphs of the parameter estimates and graphs of the implied and observed covariance and correlation matrices.

Usage

qgraph.lavaan(
	fit,
	...,
	layout="circle",
	groups=NULL,
	vsize.man=3,
	vsize.lat=6,
	filename="qgraph",
	filetype="pdf",
	residuals=TRUE,
	include=1:12,
	curve=0,
	residSize=0.2,
	onefile=TRUE,
	width=12,
	height=8,
	titles=TRUE)

Arguments

fit

A "lavaan" object containing the fit of a SEM model (obtained from e.g. sem and cfa)

...

arguments passed to qgraph. This is both for the path diagram and for the correlation/covariance plots.

layout

The layout used for the path diagram. Can be "tree", "spring", "circle" and "springtree"

groups

An optional list containing the measurement model, see qgraph

vsize.man

Size of the manifest variables in the path diagram

vsize.lat

Size of the latent variables in the path diagram

filename

Name of the file (will be extended with the filetype)

filetype

The filetype to be used. Can be "pdf" to make a pdf (default) or anything else to plot in R. More filetypes will be supported in a future version.

residuals

Omitting residuals is currently not supported for qgraph.lavaan, leave this to TRUE

include

A vector indicating which panels should be included in the output

curve

Numerical value indicating the curve of edges that are on the same level in the "tree" layout, See details. This represent an offset from the middle of the straight edge through where the curved edge must be drawn. 0 indicates no curve, and any other value indicates a curve of that strength. Defaults to 0.2

residSize

Size of the residual arrows

onefile

Logical indicating if a multi-page pdf should be produced. If FALSE each plot will be a new pdf. Use this only with panels=1 and filename="(Arbitrary name)%03d".

width

Width of each panel, in inches

height

Height of each panel, in inches

titles

Logical indicating if titles should be printed

Details

This function uses a "lavaan" object and outputs a multi-page pdf file. The function reads the 'lavaan' object and creates a residual variable for each variable present in the model. Layout options include a tree-layout (layout="tree") in which each variable is placed as a node on one of four vertical levels. At the bottom are the residuals of the manifest variables placed, Above that the manifest variables, above that the latent variables and at the top the residuals of the latent variables. The nodes are evenly spaced horizontally in order of appearance in the model (residuals are placed at the same horizontal position of their corresponding variable). So the order of specifying in the model defines the order of placement in the path diagram. If the 'residuals' argument is FALSE then residuals are omitted and this diagram will only contain two levels.

Alternatively the 'spring' layout can be used (layout="spring"). This will use the Fruchterman-reingold algorithm (Fruchterman & Reingold, 1991), which has been ported from the 'sna' package (Butts, 2010). This is a force-directed algorithm. It is best to use this in combination with residuals=FALSE. Another option is a circular layout (default), which is the same as the tree except that the levels are placed in inner circles rather than horizontal lines.

Names for variables used in the model specification are passed to the path diagram. To keep the model readable it is advised to limit these names to 3 characters.

Note

This is the first isntallment of qgraph.sem for the Lavaan package. This function will likely be changed a lot in future installments.

Author(s)

Sacha Epskamp (qgraph@sachaepskamp.com)

References

Sacha Epskamp, Angelique O. J. Cramer, Lourens J. Waldorp, Verena D. Schmittmann, Denny Borsboom (2012). qgraph: Network Visualizations of Relationships in Psychometric Data. Journal of Statistical Software, 48(4), 1-18. URL http://www.jstatsoft.org/v48/i04/.

Carter T. Butts <buttsc@uci.edu> (2010). sna: Tools for Social Network Analysis. R package version 2.2-0. http://CRAN.R-project.org/package=sna

Yves Rosseel <Yves.Rosseel@UGent.be> (2011). lavaan: Latent Variable Analysis. R package version 0.4-7. http://CRAN.R-project.org/package=lavaan

Fruchterman, T. & Reingold, E. (1991). Graph drawing by force-directed placement. Software - Pract. Exp. 21, 1129?1164.

See Also

qgraph qgraph.cfa qgraph.sem sem

Examples


## Not run: 
##D ## Example from lavaan::sem help file:
##D require("lavaan")
##D 
##D ## The industrialization and Political Democracy Example 
##D      ## Bollen (1989), page 332
##D      model <- ' 
##D        # latent variable definitions
##D           ind60 =~ x1 + x2 + x3
##D           dem60 =~ y1 + y2 + y3 + y4
##D           dem65 =~ y5 + equal("dem60=~y2")*y6 
##D                       + equal("dem60=~y3")*y7 
##D                       + equal("dem60=~y4")*y8
##D      
##D        # regressions
##D          dem60 ~ ind60
##D          dem65 ~ ind60 + dem60
##D      
##D        # residual correlations
##D          y1 ~~ y5
##D          y2 ~~ y4 + y6
##D          y3 ~~ y7
##D          y4 ~~ y8
##D          y6 ~~ y8
##D      '
##D      
##D      fit <- sem(model, data=PoliticalDemocracy)
##D 
##D # Plot standardized model (numerical):
##D qgraph.lavaan(fit,layout="tree",vsize.man=5,vsize.lat=10,
##D     filetype="",include=4,curve=-0.4,edge.label.cex=0.6)
##D 
##D # Plot standardized model (graphical):
##D qgraph.lavaan(fit,layout="tree",vsize.man=5,vsize.lat=10,
##D     filetype="",include=8,curve=-0.4,edge.label.cex=0.6)
##D 
##D # Create output document:
##D qgraph.lavaan(fit,layout="spring",vsize.man=5,vsize.lat=10,
##D     filename="lavaan")
##D 
## End(Not run)


[Package qgraph version 1.2 Index]